WALTER, Bruno, full name Bruno Walter Schlesinger (1876-1962)
, German-born American conductor, known for his performances of the works of the Austrian composers Gustav Mahler, Anton Bruckner, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Born and trained in
Berlin, he was assistant conductor to Mahler at the Imperial Opera in Vienna in 1901-13. After periods in other cities he became music director of the Vienna State Opera in 1935. In 1938, he went to France
and then to the U.S., where he appeared with the NBC Symphony Orchestra, the New York Philharmonic, the Metropolitan Opera (New
York City), and other leading orchestras. He wrote the autobiographical Theme and Variations (1946) and Of Music and Music Making (1961).