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SCHWARZENEGGER, Arnold (1947-)

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SCHWARZENEGGER, Arnold (1947-). One of the world's best-known and most popular personalities, Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger, born July 30, 1947 in Graz, Austria, parlayed a championship bodybuilding career into even greater success as the hero of Hollywood action films that were among the highest grossers in movie history. After winning the Mr. Europe and Best-Built Man of Europe titles in 1966 and becoming Mr. Universe in 1967, Schwarzenegger went to the United States in 1968, where he won the Mr. Universe title five times and the Mr. Olympia title seven times before retiring. He became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1983.

The star of the surprise documentary success Pumping Iron (1977), Schwarzenegger found his true metier in such action movies. The sword-and-sorcery movies Conan the Barbarian (1982) and Conan the Destroyer (1984), each of which grossed more than $100 million worldwide, established Schwarzenegger as a major box-office attraction. Schwarzenegger then starred in the science fiction film The Terminator (1984), which set a new standard for both intelligence and hyperkinetic action in the genre. Schwarzenegger has continued to specialize in action/adventure productions, including Predator (1987) and Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), Last Action Hero (1993), True Lies (1994), and Eraser (1996). In addition to action films, Schwarzenegger has headlined in comedies: Twins (1988), Kindergarten Cop (1990), and Jingle all the Way (1996). Newest movie available is Batman and Robin. Schwarzenegger has also authored several bodybuilding books. Since 1979, he has served as the International Weight Training Coach for the Special Olympics. In 1990 he served as chair of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. Beginning in 1991 he became involved in the Executive Commission of the Los Angeles Inner-City Games, a mini Olympics designed to help kids say "no" to drugs and violence and "yes" to fitness as a way of life. He sees athletics as a positive alternative to drugs for urban youth, a way to build self esteem, a way to learn goal setting and build camaraderie in a clean lifestyle. Schwarzenegger is now chairman of the Inner-City Games Foundation, a program that has expanded to 10 cities and is continuing to grow. In 1991 he received the Simon Wiesenthal Center's National Leadership Award for his support of the organization's Holocaust studies. He has also enjoyed financial success in real estate, marketing, and restaurants.

For fun use the Arnold Trivia Challenge, and see how much you know about Arnold Schwarzenegger.

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