REMARQUE, Erich Maria (1898-1970), German-American
novelist, born in Osnabrück, Germany, and educated at the University of Münster. He served in the German army during World War I. He set down his recollections of his war service in All Quiet on the Western
Front (1929; trans. 1929). This grimly realistic work, depicting with relentless clarity and warm compassion the suf ferings, courage, and comradeship of the common soldiers, and embodying a bitter
condemnation of militarism, became one of the most widely read novels of all time. Three film versions of the book were made. In a sequel, The Road Back (1931; trans. 1931), Remarque presented a vivid picture of
postwar Germany. An opponent of National Socialism, he left Germany in 1932 and went to the U.S. in 1939; he became a U.S. citizen in 1947. His other books includeArch of Triumph (1946;
trans. 1946), A Time to Live and a Time to Die (1954; trans. 1954), andThe Night in Lisbon (1962; trans. 1964).