PITCHER, Molly, real name Mary Ludwig (1754-1832), famous heroine of the American Revolution, born near Trenton, N.J. In 1769 she married John Hays (d. 1789). She came to be called Molly Pitcher
after carrying pitchers of water to her husband and other thirsty soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth. According to some accounts, when her husband was overcome by heat, she fought in his place for the duration of
the battle. In 1822, in recognition of her heroism, she was given a pension by the Pennsylvania legislature.