LUBITSCH, Ernst (1892-1947), German-American motion picture director, born in Berlin. Beginning as an actor, he first directed motion pictures in 1914 and soon gained fame with such historical
dramas as Gypsy Blood (1918) and Madame Du Barry (Passion, 1919). Lubitsch went to the U.S. in 1922; he quickly became one of the leading directors of slick and sophisticated film comedies. Among his noteworthy motion
pictures are Design for Living (1933), Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1938), Ninotchka (1939), Royal Scandal (1944), and Cluny Brown (1946). In 1947 he received a special Academy Award in recognition of his 25 years of
service in the film industry.