LIEBER, Francis (1800-1872).
German-American political scientist, b. Berlin, Germany. To U.S. (1827); planned and edited Encyclopaedia Americana (13 vols., 1829-33). Professor of history and political economy, South Carolina Coll. (1835-56), Columbia (1857-65), Columbia Law School (1865-72). Author of Manual of Political Ethics (1838-39), Legal and Political Hermeneutics (1839), On Civil Liberty and Self-government (1853), A Code for the Government of Armies (1863), which in a revised form was issued by U.S. War Department as Instructions for the Government of Armies in the Field, General Orders No. 100.