KOFFKA, Kurt (1886-1941), German-American psychologist, born in Berlin, and educated at the University of Berlin. With Wolfgang Köhler and Max Wertheimer, he did pioneer work in the studies that led
to the development of GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY (q.v.) . He went to the U.S. in the 1920s to teach psychology at Cornell University and the University of Wisconsin, later accepting a permanent position at Smith College, where
he remained for the rest of his life. Koffka continued his research on perception, publishing such major works as The Growth of the Mind (1924) and The Principles of Gestalt Psychology (1935).